Configuring PyCharm as an Arduino IDE
Work on Python and Arduino Sketches without changing windows!
This will be a simple tutorial post, showing how I got my IDE setup to be a suitable replacement for the default Arduino IDE. If you’re working on a project where your Python code will be interacting with an Arduino, you may want the Arduino sketch Built + Uploaded before you run your main code. You will also probably want to change your Arduino code without having to open another editor/IDE. This tutorial will cover all these concerns.
We will be looking at my DesktopBuddy project as an example, as it uses
PySerial to communicate with an Arduino. Here’s the project directory structure:
/DesktopBuddy /Arduino /MatrixBuddy <---- Root of Arduino Project MatrixBuddy.h MatrixBuddy.ino /venv .gitignore config.ini default.ini main.pyw README.md requirements.txt SysTrayIcon.py tray_icon.ico
The first change we want to make is to enable syntax highlighting for
.ino files. This can be accomplished through the “File Types” menu, found in
File->Settings->Editor->File Types. Under “Recognized File Types”, scroll down to “C/C++” and add “*.ino” to the list.
If you’ve done this correctly, then your
.ino files should have C-style syntax highlighting.
Now for the interesting part. We need to register an “External Tool” with PyCharm that calls the Arduino IDE’s Build and Upload function. Adding “External Tools” allow PyCharm to call other command-line functions before running the main script. We can add one by editing our current PyCharm “Configuration”. In “DesktopBuddy”’s case, the config is named “main”. Clicking the dropdown and selection “Edit Configuration” brings us to the following screen:
Click the small “+” to open the “Add a Tool” dialog. Click the “+” in the next window that pops up to add a new tool. You should see a menu similar to this one (with fewer fields filled in).
Give it a name (I went with the generic “Arduino”) and a description. For the “Program:” field, look for your Arduino installation folder. If you’re on Windows, the folder should be in
C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\. There should be an
.exe in the folder named
arduino_debug.exe. We want to use the
arduino_debug.exe version, as it has more command line option support than the standard
arduino.exe. For the parameters, pass the main
.ino file of our project (
--upload .\Arduino\MatrixBuddy\MatrixBuddy.ino). We also change the working directory to that of the main project (not necessarily the Arduino project sub-directory).
To test the new tool config, go to any file, then press
Right Click->External Tools->[Your tool name]. If things work correctly, you should see console output something like this:
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\arduino_debug.exe" --upload .\Arduino\MatrixBuddy\MatrixBuddy.ino Looking for library 'user32' Adding paths from jna.library.path: null Trying user32.dll Found library 'user32' at user32.dll Looking for library 'shell32' Adding paths from jna.library.path: null Trying shell32.dll Found library 'shell32' at shell32.dll Looking for library 'Ole32' Adding paths from jna.library.path: null Trying Ole32.dll Found library 'Ole32' at Ole32.dll Loading configuration... Initializing packages... Preparing boards... Verifying... Archiving built core (caching) in: C:\Users\SawyerPC\AppData\Local\Temp\arduino_cache_387292\core\core_arduino_avr_uno_f91d2b09f572af936e3b3ffff0200535.a Uploading... Sketch uses 4250 bytes (13%) of program storage space. Maximum is 32256 bytes. Global variables use 335 bytes (16%) of dynamic memory, leaving 1713 bytes for local variables. Maximum is 2048 bytes. Process finished with exit code 0
If you’re having problems connecting with your Arduino, open your default Arduino IDE and ensure that all connection settings are correctly configured, including which Serial Port is being used. Also make sure that the Serial connection isn’t being used by another process. Your Python code could be running in the background and hogging the Serial port, not allowing any other applications to use it.
Another good idea would be to make a copy of the “main” configuration and deleting the call to the “Arduino” tool. That way, you can choose to run your code with/without uploading to your Arduino first.
If you want to learn more about running Arduino from the command-line, the official documentation is here.